Tag: pip

Two Approaches to Using PIP Through an Integrated Authenticated Proxy

The proxy at work uses integrated authentication. While BASIC auth prompts happily let you use a proxy of http://uid:pass@proxy:port, ours does not. There are two ways I’ve managed to use pip to install packages.

Proxied Proxy

The easiest approach is to use something that can handle the authenticated proxy, like Fiddler, as an intermediary. I do the same thing with perl’s PPM.

Select Tools => Options to open the configuration dialog. Make sure you are handling SSL traffic — if not, check the box to “Capture HTTPS CONNECTs, “Decrypt HTTPS traffic”, and “Ignore server certificate errors” (it’s only unsafe if you don’t understand what you’re doing … don’t log into your bank account bouncing traffic through this config!)

On the “Connections” tab, check the port on which Fiddler is listening. If you cannot install Fiddler on the same box where you want to use pip, you’ll need to check off “Allow remote computers to connect” (and you won’t use localhost as the proxy hostname). Click OK, start capturing traffic (F12), and we’re ready to go.

Use the PIP command line to install the package but proxy the request through your Fiddler instance. In this example, Fiddler is installed on the local box and uses port 8888.

pip –trusted-host pypi.org –trusted-host files.pythonhosted.org –proxy http://localhost:8888 install SomePackage

This is nice because pip will automatically resolve dependencies. Not great if you’re not allowed to install your own software.

Dependency Hell

Back in the early days of Linux (think mid 90’s, waaaay before package managers working against online repositories), we called this “dependency hell” — navigating dependency chains to get all of the required “stuff” on the box so you can install the thing you actually wanted.

Make a folder for all these wheels we’re going to end up downloading so it’s easy to clean up once we’re done. Search PyPi for the package you want. On the package page, select ‘Download Files’ and then download the whl

Use “pip install something.whl” to attempt installing it. If you’re lucky, you’ve got all the dependencies and the package will install. If you don’t have all of the dependencies, you’ll get an error telling you the first missing one. Go back to the pypi website & get that. Use “pip install somethingelse.whl” to install it and maybe get a dependency error here too. Once you get a dependency installed, try the package you want again. Got another error? Start downloading and installing again. Eventually, though, you’ll get all of the dependencies satisfied and be able to install the package you actually want.

List locally installed Python modules

I’ve been helping someone else get an Azure bot running on their system … which involves a lot of “what do I have that you don’t” … for which listing locally installed python modules is incredibly helpful.

python -c “import pkg_resources; print([(d.project_name, d.version) for d in pkg_resources.working_set])”


[lisa@cent6 ljr]# python -c “import pkg_resources; print([(d.project_name, d.version) for d in pkg_resources.working_set])”
[(‘scipy’, ‘1.2.0’), (‘scikit-learn’, ‘0.20.2’), (‘PyYAML’, ‘3.13’), (‘PyMySQL’, ‘0.9.3’), (‘pycares’, ‘2.4.0’), (‘numpy’, ‘1.16.0’), (‘multidict’, ‘4.5.2’), (‘Cython’, ‘0.29.4’), (‘coverage’, ‘4.5.2’), (‘aiohttp’, ‘3.0.9’), (‘yarl’, ‘1.3.0’), (‘wrapt’, ‘1.11.1’), (‘vcrpy’, ‘2.0.1’), (‘typing’, ‘3.6.6’), (‘sklearn’, ‘0.0’), (‘singledispatch’, ‘’), (‘sharepy’, ‘1.3.0’), (‘requests-toolbelt’, ‘0.9.1’), (‘requests-oauthlib’, ‘1.2.0’), (‘pytest’, ‘4.1.1’), (‘pytest-cov’, ‘2.6.1’), (‘pytest-asyncio’, ‘0.10.0’), (‘PyJWT’, ‘1.7.1’), (‘py’, ‘1.7.0’), (‘pluggy’, ‘0.8.1’), (‘oauthlib’, ‘3.0.1’), (‘nltk’, ‘3.4’), (‘msrest’, ‘0.4.29’), (‘more-itertools’, ‘5.0.0’), (‘isodate’, ‘0.6.0’), (‘ConfigArgParse’, ‘0.14.0’), (‘certifi’, ‘2018.11.29’), (‘botframework-connector’, ‘4.0.0a6’), (‘botbuilder-schema’, ‘4.0.0a6’), (‘botbuilder-azure’, ‘4.0.0a6’), (‘azure-devtools’, ‘1.1.1’), (‘azure-cosmos’, ‘3.0.0’), (‘attrs’, ‘18.2.0’), (‘atomicwrites’, ‘1.2.1’), (‘async-timeout’, ‘2.0.1’), (‘aiodns’, ‘1.2.0’), (‘botbuilder-core’, ‘4.0.0a6’), (‘systemd-python’, ‘234’), (‘smartcols’, ‘0.3.0’), (‘setools’, ‘4.1.1’), (‘rpm’, ‘’), (‘gpg’, ‘1.11.1’), (‘cryptography’, ‘2.3’), (‘cffi’, ‘1.11.5’), (‘urllib3’, ‘1.24.1’), (‘SSSDConfig’, ‘2.0.0’), (‘slip’, ‘0.6.4’), (‘slip.dbus’, ‘0.6.4’), (‘six’, ‘1.11.0’), (‘setuptools’, ‘40.4.3’), (‘sepolicy’, ‘1.1’), (‘requests’, ‘2.20.0’), (‘PySocks’, ‘1.6.8’), (‘pyparsing’, ‘2.2.0’), (‘pyOpenSSL’, ‘18.0.0’), (‘pykickstart’, ‘3.16’), (‘PyGObject’, ‘3.30.4’), (‘pycparser’, ‘2.14’), (‘ply’, ‘3.9’), (‘pip’, ‘18.1’), (‘ordered-set’, ‘2.0.2’), (‘isc’, ‘2.0’), (‘IPy’, ‘0.81’), (‘iotop’, ‘0.6’), (‘iniparse’, ‘0.4’), (‘idna’, ‘2.7’), (‘distro’, ‘1.3.0’), (‘decorator’, ‘4.3.0’), (‘chardet’, ‘3.0.4’), (‘asn1crypto’, ‘0.24.0’)]

Installing pycrypto On WIN10 with Visual Studio 2017

Yes, I know it’s old and no longer maintained … but it’s also what my function already uses, and I don’t want to take a few hours to get moved over to pycryptodome. You can install pycrypto on Windows 10 running Visual Studio 2017. But there’s a trick. Find the location of stdint.h in your VS installation.

Open x86_x64 Cross Tools Command Prompt For VS 2017


set CL=-FI"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\Enterprise\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.14.26428\include\stdint.h"

where the bit in quotes is the path to your stdint.h (VS build version may differ, which will change the path).

Now, from within the Cross Tools Command Prompt, run:

pip install pycrypto

Voila — it installs: