Anya’s Posting Challenge

Because I made two not-permitted posts since Anya started the challenge, she’s extended it by ten days! October 7th is the last day of Anya’s rule about what I can post on my own website … the one I set up for myself, on my server, so I would have somewhere to store my stuff. Yeah.

Pumpkin Muffins

Ingredients

  • 1 cup brown sugar
  • 1 cup pumpkin puree
  • 1 cup buttermilk
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1 tsp vanilla
  • 2 1/4 cups all purpose flour
  • 2 tsp baking powder
  • 2 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 tsp nutmeg
  • 1/4 tsp ground cloves
  • 1/4 tsp ground ginger
  • 1/2 tsp baking soda
  • 1/2 tsp salt

Topping — 2 T melted butter, 2 T maple sugar, 1 tsp ground cinnamon

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 350F
  2. Whisk together brown sugar, pumpkin puree, buttermilk, oil, and eggs
  3. In another bowl, whisk together flour, baking powder, salt, and spices.
  4. Gently fold dry ingredients into wet ingredients.
  5. Divide batter between 12 muffin cups. Bake about 20 minutes, test with toothpick or skewer.
  6. Allow to cool for 10 minutes then remove to a wire rack to cool.
  7. Stir together all of the topping ingredients and brush on top of muffins.

Fairy Eggs

The chickens we hatched earlier this year have started laying their first eggs — our first chicken to lay an egg (Queenington) laid a large egg, and the rest of our egg layers followed with fairly normal chicken-egg sized eggs. I didn’t know that it was common for chickens to start off laying small eggs (called fairy eggs) until we got the Bresse hens. They’re not great for hatching (really tiny chick incubates and often cannot even get out of the egg), but the eggs are perfectly edible. I think we’ll be making pickled eggs with this year’s tiny eggs.

Pickled Eggs

Pickled Eggs

Recipe by LisaCourse: Snacks, SidesCuisine: AmericanDifficulty: Easy
Servings

10

servings
Prep time

15

minutes
Cooking time

10

minutes

Ingredients

  • 20 eggs

  • 1 cup apple cider vinegar

  • 1 cup water

  • 1/4 cup maple sugar

  • 1 tsp salt

  • 2 cloves garlic, crushed

  • 1 bay leaf, crushed

  • Spices – dill, onion

Method

  • Hard boil eggs and peel.
  • In a saucepan, mix vinegar, water, sugar, spices, and salt. Boil, reduce to low. Mix in garlic and bay leaf. Remove from heat.
  • In a glass jar, place eggs and pour vinegar mixture. Add spices — onion, dill, etc.
  • Seal and store in refrigerator.

Configuring OpenSearch 2.x with OpenID Authentication

Sorry, again, Anya … I really mean it this time. Restart your ‘no posting about computer stuff’ timer!

I was able to cobble together a functional configuration to authenticate users through an OpenID identity provider. This approach combined the vendor documentation, ten different forum posts, and some debugging of my own. Which is to say … not immediately obvious.

Importantly, you can enable debug logging on just the authentication component. Trying to read through the logs when debug logging is set globally is unreasonable. To enable debug logging for JWT, add the following to config/log4j2.properties

logger.securityjwt.name = com.amazon.dlic.auth.http.jwt
logger.securityjwt.level = debug

On the OpenSearch Dashboard server, add the following lines to ./opensearch-dashboards/config/opensearch_dashboards.yml

opensearch_security.auth.type: "openid"
opensearch_security.openid.connect_url: "https://IdentityProvider.example.com/.well-known/openid-configuration"
opensearch_security.openid.client_id: "<PRIVATE>"
opensearch_security.openid.client_secret: "<PRIVATE>"
opensearch_security.openid.scope: "openid "
opensearch_security.openid.header: "Authorization"
opensearch_security.openid.base_redirect_url: "https://opensearch.example.com/auth/openid/login"

On the OpenSearch servers, in ./config/opensearch.yml, make sure you have defined plugins.security.ssl.transport.truststore_filepath

While this configuration parameter is listed as optional, something needs to be in there for the OpenID stuff to work. I just linked the cacerts from our JDK installation into the config directory.

If needed, also configure the following additional parameters. Since I was using the cacerts truststore from our JDK, I was able to use the defaults.

plugins.security.ssl.transport.truststore_typeThe type of the truststore file, JKS or PKCS12/PFX. Default is JKS.
plugins.security.ssl.transport.truststore_aliasAlias name. Optional. Default is all certificates.
plugins.security.ssl.transport.truststore_passwordTruststore password. Default is changeit.

Configure the openid_auth_domain in the authc section of ./opensearch/config/opensearch-security/config.yml

      openid_auth_domain:
        http_enabled: true
        transport_enabled: true
        order: 1
        http_authenticator:
          type: "openid"
          challenge: false
          config:
            openid_connect_idp:
              enable_ssl: true
              verify_hostnames: false
            openid_connect_url: https://idp.example.com/.well-known/openid-configuration
        authentication_backend:
          type: noop

Note that subject_key and role_key are not defined. When I had subject_key defined, all user logon attempts failed with the following error:

[2022-09-22T12:47:13,333][WARN ][c.a.d.a.h.j.AbstractHTTPJwtAuthenticator] [UOS-OpenSearch] Failed to get subject from JWT claims, check if subject_key 'userId' is correct.
[2022-09-22T12:47:13,333][ERROR][c.a.d.a.h.j.AbstractHTTPJwtAuthenticator] [UOS-OpenSearch] No subject found in JWT token
[2022-09-22T12:47:13,333][WARN ][o.o.s.h.HTTPBasicAuthenticator] [UOS-OpenSearch] No 'Basic Authorization' header, send 401 and 'WWW-Authenticate Basic'

Finally, use securityadmin.sh to load the configuration into the cluster:

/opt/opensearch-2.2.1/plugins/opensearch-security/tools/securityadmin.sh --diagnose -cd /opt/opensearch/config/opensearch-security/ -icl -nhnv -cacert /opt/opensearch-2.2.1/config/certs/root-ca.pem -cert /opt/opensearch-2.2.1/config/certs/admin.pem -key /opt/opensearch-2.2.1/config/certs/admin-key.pem -h UOS-OpenSearch.example.com

Restart OpenSearch and OpenSearch Dashboard — in the role mappings, add custom objects for the external user IDs.

When logging into the Dashboard server, users will be redirected to the identity provider for authentication. In our sandbox, we have two Dashboard servers — one for general users which is configured for external authentication and a second for locally authenticated users.

Firewalld — Adding and Removing a Forwarding Rule

(Sorry, Anya … after today, I’ll try to not post anything about computers for three days!) Linux restricts non-root users from opening ports <1024. It’s generally a good idea not to run your services as root. Which means, unfortunately, we end up running a lot of services on nonstandard ports (so frequently that 1389 and 1636 are a quasi-standard port for LDAP and LDAPS, 8080 and 8443 quasi-standard ports for HTTP and HTTPS). But having to remember to add the nonstandard port to a web URL is an annoyance for users — I’ve seen a lot of people fix this by adding a load balanced VIP or NGINX proxy in front of the service to handle port translations. But there is a quick and easy way to handle port translation without any additional equipment. Most Linux hosts have firewalld running, and you can tell the firewall to forward the port for you. In this example, I’m letting my Kibana users access my web service using https://kibana.example.com without needing to append the :5601:

firewall-cmd –permanent –zone=public –add-forward-port=port=443:proto=tcp:toport=5601

Should you decide against the port forwarding, the same command with –remove-forward-port deregisters the rule:
firewall-cmd –zone=public –remove-forward-port=port=443:proto=tcp:toport=5601

ElastAlert2 SSL with OpenSearch 2.x

This turned out to be one of those situations where I went down a very complicated path for a very simple problem. We were setting up ElastAlert2 in our OpenSearch sandbox. I’ve used both the elasticsearch-py and opensearch-py modules with Python 3 to communicate with the cluster, so I didn’t anticipate any problems.

Which, of course, meant we had problems. A very cryptic message:

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: Insufficient buffer remaining for AEAD cipher fragment (2). Needs to be more than tag size

A quick perusal of the archive of all IT knowledge (aka Google) led me to a Java bug: https://bugs.openjdk.org/browse/JDK-8221218 which may or may not be resolved in the latest OpenJDK (which we are using). I say may or may not because it’s marked as resolved in some places but people report experiencing the bug after resolution was reported.

Fortunately, the OpenSearch server reported something more useful:

[2022-09-20T12:18:55,869][WARN ][o.o.h.AbstractHttpServerTransport] [UOS-OpenSearch.example.net] caught exception while handling client http traffic, closing connection Netty4HttpChannel{localAddress=/10.1.2.3:9200, remoteAddress=/10.1.2.4:55494}
io.netty.handler.codec.DecoderException: io.netty.handler.ssl.NotSslRecordException: not an SSL/TLS record: 504f5354202f656c617374616c6572745f7374617475735f6572726f722f5f646f6320485454502f312e310d0a486f73743a20

Which I’ve shortened because it was several thousand fairly random seeming characters. Except they aren’t random — that’s the communication hex encoded. Throwing the string into a hex decoder, I see the HTTP POST request.

Which … struck me as rather odd because it should be SSL encrypted rubbish. Turns out use_ssl was set to False! Evidently attempting to send clear text ‘stuff’ to an encrypted endpoint produces the same error as reported in the Java bug.

Setting use_ssl to true brought us to another adventure — an SSLCertVerificationError. We have set the verify_certs to false — even going so far as to go into util.py and modifying line 354 so the default is False. No luck. But there’s another config in each ElastAlert2 rule — http_post_ignore_ssl_errors — that actually does ignore certificate errors. One the rules were configured with http_post_ignore_ssl_errors, ElastAlert2 was able to communicate with the OpenSearch cluster and watch for triggering events.

OpenSearch 2.x: Building a New Tenant

Logged in as an admin user, use the left-hand navigation menu to select “Security”. Select “Tenants” and click on “Create tenant”.

Give the tenant a name and a description, then click “Create”

OK, now a tenant is created. The important bit is to establish a role that only sees data within the tenant. Click on “Roles”, then click “Create role”.

Give the role a name:

Under “Cluster permissions” add either cluster_composite_ops_ro (for read only access – cannot make new visualizations or dashboards) or cluster_composite_ops – we may make a “help desk” type role where users are not permitted to write to the tenant, but my examples herein are all for business owners who will be able to save queries, create visualizations, modify dashboards, etc.

Under “Index permissions”, add the index pattern (or patterns) to which the tenant should have access. Add read or read/write permissions to the index. We are not using any of the fine-grained security components (providing access only to records that come in from a specific host or contain a specific error)

Finally, under “Tenant Permissions”, select the associated tenant and grant either Read or Read and Write permission

Click “Create” and your new role has been created. Once created, click on “Mapped users”

Select “Map users” to edit the users mapped to the role.

To map an externally authenticated user (accounts authenticate through OpenID, for example), just type the username and hit enter to add “as a custom option”.

For an internal user, you’ll be able to select them from a user list as you begin typing the user ID

There is one trick to getting a new tenant working — https://forum.opensearch.org/t/multi-tenancy-for-different-indices/5008/8 indicates you’ve got to use an admin account from the global tenant, switch to the new tenant, and create the index pattern there. Once the index pattern (or, I suppose, patterns) has been created, the tenant users are able to discover / visualize their data.

Click on the icon for your user account and select “Switch tenants”

Select the radio button in front of “Choose from custom” and then use the drop-down to select your newly created tenant. Click “Confirm” to switch to that tenant.

From the left-hand navigation menu, select “Stack Management” and then select “Index Patterns”. Click to “Create index pattern”

Type the pattern and click “Next step”

Select the time field from the drop-down menu, then click “Create index pattern”

Now you’re ready – have a user log into OpenSearch Dashboard. They’ll need to select the radio button to “Choose from custom” and select their tenant from the dropdown menu.

 

Outlook Preferred Meeting Time

While this doesn’t address work days or conveniently highlight working and non-working hours when someone is checking free/busy … Microsoft does offer a way for individuals to publish their preferred working hours – so someone who lives in Mountain time but works 6AM-3PM to match their colleagues on the east coast can let us all know that they are keeping non-standard hours for their time zone.

Logged in to OWA, select the “Settings” gear:

Select “Calendar” and then select “View” – there is a place to specify your “meeting hours”.

That data is used to populate “Preferred meeting hours” in your profile card:

 

Using the Dell 1350CN On Fedora

We picked up a really nice color laser printer — a Dell 1350CN. It was really easy to add it to my Windows computer — download driver, install, voila there’s a printer. We found instructions for using a Xerox Phaser 6000 driver. It worked perfectly on Scott’s old laptop, but we weren’t able to install the RPM on his new laptop — it insisted that a dependency wasn’t found: libstdc++.so.6 CXXABI_1.3.1

Except, checking the file, CXXABI_1.3.1 is absolutely in there:

2022-09-17 13:04:19 [lisa@fc36 ~/]# strings /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6 | grep CXXABI
CXXABI_1.3
CXXABI_1.3.1
CXXABI_1.3.2
CXXABI_1.3.3
CXXABI_1.3.4
CXXABI_1.3.5
CXXABI_1.3.6
CXXABI_1.3.7
CXXABI_1.3.8
CXXABI_1.3.9
CXXABI_1.3.10
CXXABI_1.3.11
CXXABI_1.3.12
CXXABI_1.3.13
CXXABI_TM_1
CXXABI_FLOAT128

We’ve tried using the foo2hbpl package with the Dell 1355 driver to no avail. It would install, but we weren’t able to print. So we returned to the Xerox package.

Turns out the driver package we were trying to use is a 32-bit driver (even though the download says 32 and 64 bit). From a 32-bit perspective, we really didn’t have libstdc++ — a quick dnf install libstdc++.i686 installed the library along with some friends.

Xerox’s rpm installed without error … but, attempting to print, just yielded an error saying that the filter failed. I had Scott use ldd to test one of the filters (any of the files within /usr/lib/cups/filter/Xerox_Phaser_6000_6010/ — it indicated the “libcups.so.2” could not be found. We also needed to install the 32-bit cups-libs.i686 package. Finally, he’s able to print from Fedora 36 to the Dell 1350cn!