Handling PHP Execution Timeout

There’s no straight-forward way to handle execution timeout in PHP 5.x — it’s not like you can try/except or something. The execution time-limit is exceeded, the program terminates. Which, thinking from the perspective of the person who maintains the server, is a Good Thing … bugger up the ‘except’ component and now that becomes an infinite loop.

But I’m looking to throw a “pretty” error to the end user and have them try again with a data set that will take less time to process. Turns out, you can use a shutdown function to display something other than the generic PHP time limit exceeded page.

<?php

function runOnShutdown(){
     $arrayError = error_get_last();

     if( substr($arrayError['message'], 0, strlen("Maximum execution time of")) === "Maximum execution time of"   ){
          echo "<P>Maximum execution time";
     }
     elseif($arrayError){
          print_r($arrayError);
     }
}

function noOp($iInteger){
     for($z = 0; $z < $iInteger; $z++){
          $a = $iInteger * $iInteger;
     }
     return $iInteger;
}

register_shutdown_function('runOnShutdown');
ini_set('display_errors', '0');
ini_set('max_execution_time', 2);

// for($i = 0; $i < 10; $i++){
for($i = 0; $i < 10000; $i++){
     $j = noOp($i);
     print "<P>$j</P>\n";
}
print "<P>Done</P>\n";

?>

And the web output includes a customized message because the max execution time has been exceeded.

 

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